Chrysanthemum (Latin name:Dendranthema morifolium（Ramat. ）Tzvel.:) in plant taxonomy is a perennial herbaceous perennial plants of the genus Chrysanthemum, asteraceae. According to the cultivation form is divided into multiple chrysanthemum, chrysanthemum, daliju chrysanthemum, chrysanthemum, cliff, Art Desk chrysanthemum cultivation is divided into garden type; holding, holding, hold back, have chaos, anti heart dew holding, afternoon fly Hold cultivation type according to the appearance shape of petals. In different types of chrysanthemum, the names of various kinds of varieties are named.
Chrysanthemum is China ten flowers of the three, four gentlemen (meilanzhuju) is one of the four cut flowers in the world (chrysanthemum, rose, carnation, gladiolus) is one of the most yield. Because the chrysanthemum has poor Ao character, only Tao Yuanming's "picking chrysanthemums Dongli, leisurely see Nanshan" famous. Chinese people have the customs of appreciating chrysanthemum and drinking chrysanthemum wine. Don Meng Haoran "over the enemy village": "when the Chongyang, but also to the chrysanthemum." In the ancient mythology, chrysanthemum is also endowed with the meaning of auspicious and long life.
Chrysanthemum is a precious ornamental flower which is cultivated by long term artificial selection. Before and after eighth Century, the chrysanthemum is passed from China to Japan as an ornamental chrysanthemum. At the end of the seventeenth Century Holland businessmen will China chrysanthemum introduced in Europe in eighteenth Century to mid nineteenth Century in France, introduced to North america. Since then, the Chinese chrysanthemum spread all over the world.